Pa(ng)daringan, A Spatial Constant of Rice Culture in Kasepuhan Ciptagelar
Rice cultivation in Ciptagelar, one of Sundanese community not oriented to the production and marketing or more commonly known as the upstream-downstream mechanisms, planting-picking, and processing-selling. Far from it Kasepuhan Adat Banten Kidul society just does not sell their crops. Ciptagelar agricultural practice still ritualistic and sacred. Every time they held a farming process is always accompanied by cultural rituals. For the people of Ciptagelar community, the agricultural not livelihood but life.
Ciptagelar community characteristics, among others, are egalitarian, community-oriented, relatively peaceful, manners, also subsistence-oriented. This picture is a description of a traditional village as shown by Rigg (1994). Characteristics of subsistence communities themselves can generally be characterized by several things (Seavoy, 1977: 15-30), including the village-centricity, utilization of hand labor, limited food surplus, high birth rate, lack of a well-developed transportation network, commerce in the hands of outsiders, traditional law, allocation of communal land use, and minimum expenditure of labor.
In addition, the Ciptagelar community also has a rice culture that strong and still survive until now. A tradition that has been animating and affects all aspects of community life. All the rules of world view (values) addressed to the rice and the rules of the attitude (of conduct) can not be separated from the rice culture rites as its center. Hamilton (2003: 25-31) suggests that at least in detail there are twenty characteristics of rice culture society. But in general, the rice culture society is a community that has confidence that the rice has the spirit and the soul which can be compared with the human being both of the life cycle as well as parts of his body.
In the paradigmatic of emic perspective, community considers that the rice culture is the process of maintaining the cosmic harmony. While in the realm of praxis, one of the crystallization on rice culture was manifested in a system of spatial and place as the appreciation of the existence of rice. The spatial-place system is found both naturally and artificially from agriculture landscape to domestic vernacular architecture (the place of the rice-spirit).
Domestic vernacular architecture focused on the residents dwelling units (houses). Around the the domestic area raises some question as to whether the role and influence of rice in residences? What is the role and influence of rice entity towards the spatial-place pattern of dwellings Ciptagelar society? Spatial-place pattern described by the routine activities of society in general. Data were collected through field research with technique documentation such as general vernacular architecture, extensive recording, intensive recording, as well as documentary investigation. The results showed that there is single space in the dwelling unit residences which is always there, becoming the core, and the influential on the formation of the spatial-place patterns and occupant activity, named: pangdaringan.